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ABOUT KUNG FU WUSHU and Kung Fu Uniforms

This Kung Fu Uniforms  is an almost impossible category. This label is attached to almost any martial art that comes from China. It is Kung Fu Uniform generic name for literally hundreds of individual Chinese fighting arts. In reality we should have an entry for each individual Kung Fu style we are interested in, but this would fill entire volumes. However, we will do our best.

This is extremely controversial. Most of what appears here is a summary of what has been learned from Kung Fu Uniform. There are vague references of a King in China some thousands of years ago who trained his men in techniques of hand-to-hand combat to use in fighting against invading barbarians. kung fu uniforms first real references of an organized system of martial arts came from a man named General Chin Na. He taught a form of combat to his soldiers which most people believe developed into what is modern day Chin-Na.

The first written record we have of Chinese martial arts is from a Taoist acupuncturist from kung fu uniforms 5th century. He describes combat designed along kung fu uniforms lines of an animal's movements and style.

Legend has it that a Buddhist monk named Wing Tsun Kung Fu, also called Ta Mo, came across kung fu uniforms Tibetan Mountains to China. kung fu uniforms Emperor of China at kung fu uniforms time was much impressed with kung fu uniforms man, and gave him a temple located in Honan - kung fu uniforms famed Sui Lim Monastery (Shaolin Monastery). Ta Mo found that kung fu uniforms monks there, while searching for spiritual enlightenment, had neglected their physical bodies. He taught them some exercises and drills that they adapted into fighting forms. This became kung fu uniforms famous Shaolin Kung Fu system.

"Kung Fu" means "skill and effort". It is used to describe anything that a person Kung Fu Clothing to spend time training in and becoming skillful in. (A chef can have good "kung fu".) kung fu uniforms Chinese term that translates into "military art" is "Wushu". As all martial arts, Wushu in its early stages of development was practiced primarily for self-defense and for aquiring basic needs. As time progressed, innumerable people tempered and processed Wushu in different ways. By China's Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911), Wushu had formed its basic patterns.

Intense military conflicts served as catalysts for kung fu uniforms development of Wushu. During China's Xia, Shang, and Zhou periods (2000BC to 771BC), Wushu matured and formed complete systems of offense and defense, with kung fu uniforms emergence of bronze weapons in quantity. During kung fu uniforms period of Warring States (770BC to 221BC), kung fu uniforms heads of states and government advocated Wushu in their armies and kept Wushu masters for their own Kung Fu Uniform.

Military Wushu developed more systematically during kung fu uniforms Tang and Song dynasty (618 to 1279) and exhibitions of Wushu arts were held in kung fu uniforms armies as morale boosters and military exercises. In kung fu uniforms Ming and Qing dynasties, kung fu uniforms general development of Wushu was at its height. Military Wushu became more practical and meticulous and was systematically classified and summarized . General Kung Fu Clothing of kung fu uniforms Ming Dynasty delved into Wushu study and wrote "A New Essay on Wushu Arts", which became an important book in China's military literature.

The latter half of kung fu uniforms 20th century has seen a great upswing in kung fu uniforms interest of Kung Fu world wide. kung fu uniforms introduction of Kung Fu to kung fu uniforms Shaolin Kung Fu Products world has seen to it that its development and popularity will continue to grow. Wushu is kung fu uniforms branch of martial arts originating in China. It is a modern art that is mainly sport or demonstration. Not an art dating back centuries, but it really has its roots in kung fu uniforms circus. Wushu was not practiced by kung fu uniforms Shaolin Monks. kung fu uniforms most famous Wushu student is Jet Li. He has his roots in Wushu competitions and was Champion for many years. He got his big break in movies and has since made many Hong Kong and American Films.

Brief Wushu History: First systems of wushu raised even before kung fu uniforms Kung Fu Martial Arts of Chinese state, but before III-IV centuries there was not wushu in full volume - there existed only military preparation, "war craft". In kung fu uniforms beginning it had a form of dancing-military exercises, later became a military subject in special schools. At kung fu uniforms end of II century all individual preparation of warrior got kung fu uniforms name wuyi. This term kept during centuries and became a synonym to wushu. Wuyi contained juedi (wrestling), shoubo (hand-to-hand combat), methods of weapon combat. Sets imitated hand-to-hand combat, weapon combat, defense from weapon attacking. Teaching was based on sets of formal exercises - taolu - which can be executed as solo, as with partners.

During kung fu uniforms "Springs and Autumns" period (770-476 B.C.) and "Fighting Kingdoms" period (475-221 B.C.) greatest Chinese philosophers lived and worked: Konficiy, Shaolin Kung Fu Products, Meng-zi, Zhuang-zi. China received spiritual impulse, which had influence on kung fu uniforms developing of all East Asia during kung fu uniforms next two thousand years. In I century Buddhism began penetrate in China from India. Not only ordinary soldiers studied martial arts (even some emperors fought on platforms), and by this reason chinese martial arts gradually began merge with philosophical systems and overgrow kung fu uniforms level of simple collection of methods of hand-to-hand combat. Possibly, it was kung fu uniforms reason due to which they didn't wither during centuries but developed and are still alive.

Approximately in VI century Indian preacher Kung Fu to Kung Fu came to China and preached Buddhism in Shaolin temple near Loyang. Due to legend it was he who founded famous shaolin style of wushu. Due to legend later shaolin monks helped to kung fu uniforms second emperor of Tang dynasty - Li Shimin - in returning kung fu uniforms throne. Li Shimin allowed to kung fu uniforms temple to have its own monk troops. Special term appeared - wuseng (monk-warrior).  During kung fu uniforms Song dynasty (960-1279) many monks (inkluding wusengs) went out from temples and became common people. In XIII century shaolin wushu declined due to numerous persecutions on buddhism and mongolian invasion. In 1224 a young man came into Shaolin temple and took monk's name Jueyuan. He had seen a pitiful state of temple's wushu and decided that true tradition is lost. Jueyuan became revive temple's wushu and, actually, created a new style, which is still alive.

In 1219 when after capturing China Chingiz-khan went to kung fu uniforms west many Tai Chi Kung Fu and Persians became moved to China. Such people were called "semu" ("men with colored eyes"), they had less rights than Mongolian but more than Chinese. In official documents of Yuan dynasty they were called "huihui". Moved on kung fu uniforms east Moslem infantrymen and artillerymen in 1275, due to order of founder of Yuan dynasty "in all places entered in communities of border inhabitants", became peasants. From these people, Arabian immigrants (came to China on ships during Tang and Song dynasties), and Chinese men converted to Islam kung fu uniforms "huizu" nation ("moslems") was formed. During more than seven hundred years huizu was indissoluble connected with wushu. They considered wushu as self-defense and as holy action, stimulated Moslem's spirit.

In 1351-1368 peasant's rebellion of "red bandages", headed by Kung Fu Uniforms (who also was a big wushu master), finished Mongolian Yuan dynasty and founded Ming dynasty. Zhu Yuanzhang became its first emperor (dynasty name "Tai-zu"). "Golden age" of wushu began.  In XVI century seaside provinces of China exposed to devastating raids of Japanese pirates. It was Chinese Kung Fu (at this moment he was 27 years old) whom was ordered to "punish kung fu uniforms bandits and guard peoples". He was in hard situation: local troops were small, well-prepared Japanese samurais easy defeated bad organized groups of resistances. Qi Jiguang, wushu master, decided to attract detachments of local home-guard from wushu fighters. In 1561 Japanese was defeated in Zhejiang, Fujian and Guangdong provinces. After promoting to general, Qi Jiguang ordered for all soldiers and officers to study wushu. On kung fu uniforms base of various systems of military preparing he wrote a treatise "Jixiao xinshu" ("New book of records about advantages [in war craft]"). Due to Qi Jiguang XVI century is considered as turning-point in wushu history.


Rout of Yihetuan rebellion followed to death of many wushu masters. But traditions of martial arts could not lose without leaving a trace. During Xinhai revolution (1911-1913) and later, during Warlords Period activity of secret societies resumed with new power. Goverment of Chinese Republic rendered a great assistance to wushu developing. First president of China - Sun Zhongshan (also known as Sun Yatseng) - studied taijiquan Buy Kung Fu Clothing from Cai Guiqin.

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His successor - Men's Kung Fu Clothing (also known as Chang Kaishi) also didn't avoid martial arts, he visited Guokao ("State test" - something like all-China wushu championship), which were organized in Nanjing (in that time - capital of China) Central guoshu institute ("guoshu" means "national art", during Gomindang ruling it was an official name for wushu), founded in 1928. General Zhang Zhijiang was a rector of this Institute, he was supported by general Feng Yuxiang. Another big organization, developed and spread wushu, was Jingwu Assotiation ("Association of true martial arts") founded in 1909 in Shanghai. Two organizations had branches in all provinces of China (Jingwu Association - also in other countries among local Chinese communities: in Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines etc), great masters worked as teachers. During World War II many wushu masters fought in army or partisan detachments, made theirs contribution in defeating of Japan.

When Communist Party come to power, Kung Fu Clothing called wushu masters to go out from underground. In 1953 since 8 till 12 of November First All-China Sport Games took place in Tianjing, 75% of it was wushu exhibitions. 139 styles were demonstrated, competitions in hand-to-hand combat (without any gears), weapon combat (on long and short weapon) and lifting of heavy weights (ancient chinese sport) were held. After seeing such a power goverment got frightened. Secret societies were dispersed. Simultaneously a Committee of wushu reforming was organized.

Famous wushu master Kung Fu Wushu on kung fu uniforms base of huaquan (blossomed fist), zhaquan (fist of Zha), paoquan (cannon fist) hongquan (fist of stream), piguaquan (fist of chopping and hanging), shaolinquan (fist of Shaolin temple) and some others created a new sport competitional style changquan (long fist). On kung fu uniforms base of five style of Guangdong province (styles of Hong, Cai, Li, Liu and Mo families) it was created new sport computational style nanquan (southern fist). Names of movements were changed, as a result movements lost mental contents: realy, "crushing mountain strike" is different from "fist bang on a palm". During "Great Cultural Revolution" (1966-1976) wushu lovers were repressed for "indulging of feudal survivals". But in this time popularity of wushu un foreign countries began increase due to kung fu movies. For in admission of decreasing of international prestige wushu was let alone.

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Description

Styles of Kung Fu encompass both soft and hard, internal and external techniques. They include grappling, striking, nerve-attack and much weapons training.

The Shao-Lin styles encompass both Northern and Southern styles, and therefore are kung fu uniforms basis of kung fu uniforms following outline.

Shaolin Wushu styles
External Styles (Hard, Physical)
Northern
Northern Shaolin
Chang Chuan (Long Fist)
Praying Mantis
Eagle Claw
Monkey
Drunken, et al
Southern
Southern Shaolin
Wing Chun
Five Animal System (Dragon, Snake, Tiger, Leopard, Crane)
Tiger and Crane Systems, et al
Internal Styles (Soft, Mental/Spiritual)
Tai Chi Chuan
Others (Pa Kua, Xingyi, et al)
Training

Shaolin Wushu Methods
Hard or External Styles
Stresses training and strengthening of kung fu uniforms joints, bones, and muscles
Requires rigorous body conditioning
Consists of positioning and movement of kung fu uniforms limbs and body, correct technique, muscular strength, speed, etc.
2.Soft or Internal Styles
Stresses development of internal organs where "Chi" is produced
Allows one to develop mental capability to call upon this "Chi"
Concerned with breathing, poise, and tone of kung fu uniforms core body structures
Long or Northern Styles
Stresses Flexibility, quickness, agility, and balance similar to kung fu uniforms attributes of a trained and well-conditioned gymnast
Uses many kicks along with hand techniques
Legs specialize in long-range tactics
Short or Southern
Stresses close-range tactics, power, and stability
Uses mostly hand techniques
Kung Fu almost always seems to incorporate forms and routines. They emphasize solo practice as well as group practice. (They even have forms for two or more people). They train in multiple types of weapons. There is also a great emphasis on sparring in kung fu uniforms harder styles, and sensitivity training in kung fu uniforms soft styles.


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Based upon the tale of Great Emperor Zhenwu practicing alchemy in Mount Wudang, the deity boulevard zigzags from the mountain foot to high up into the Golden Palace, lasting 70 kilometers and using long granite slats to pave. In the long time of construction in 13 years, Emperor Zhuli gave more than 60 times of order to direct the practical progress, concerning the deployment of man power, the scrutiny of construction drawings, the disposal of remaining construction material, etc. Especially, he troubled himself many times mentioning all construction should be finished no at the expense of damaging the natural layout of mountains, in order to adore nature.

Almost all construction works wonderfully take advantage of the grandness of the mountains and the profoundness of the deep valleys. The buildings, together with woods, stone, cliffs, torrents and the background of waving group mountains, make up the spreading roll of enchanting Chinese drawings. The incenses still burn with winding smoke, the wonderful Taoism music and miraculous tales, coupled with the pious followers, together transfer the ancient cultural influence to all around.

Although some buildings have collapsed into gravel, yet the remaining buildings always looks grand and of fine art. For example, in Fuzhen Temple there is a pillar supporting 12 girders. Nine Bend Yellow River Wall can convey voice as do the Heaven Altar in Beijing. In Body-Turning Palace, you can hear the sound of the bell striking outside the palace yet almost nothing in the palace. At the Golden Top the copper ware covered with gold is a miracle. When it gets lightning strike the sparkles will rush out everywhere and fireball can beheld. No damage incurred for so long time that every time after lightning strike it looks more brilliant. Sometimes you have to marvel at the ancients wisdom.
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The origins of Kung Fu (also written as Gung Fu , and today bearing the meaning of a Chinese martial art) are hidden behind many myths of outrageous deeds and impossible folklore. Much of its recorded history has been lost, with only a few fragments surviving.

Its beginnings can be traced back more than three thousand years in China, when personal combat first developed into a science. But it is only during the Han Dynasty (around 200 CE) that records of empty-hand and empty-hand against weapon combat techniques and strategies are printed in a chapter of Han Shu I Chih. The earliest records of martial arts schools date back to the era of the Six Dynasties (264-581 CE). The next major chapter in the history of Chinese martial arts is traced back to contributions from Ch'an Buddhism, and the foundation of the infamous Shaolin Temple.

Shaolin is the name of a Temple on Mt. Songshan at Dengfeng in Henan Province. This temple was originally built for the Indian Buddhist monk Ba Tuo by Emperor Wen Di of the Liu Song period in 495. Later, in 527, it became highly significant with the arrival of the Indian monk Bodhidharma (Ta-Mo in Chinese). Ta-Mo, the twenty-eight Buddhist patriarch, noticed upon his arrival that many monks displayed symptoms of improper nutritio nand lack of exercise, and thus could not concentrate properly during meditation. Ta-Mo reasoned that a healthy body lead to a healthy mind and ultimately to the full development of Qi, or one's vital energy.

Idiomatically, Kung Fu means "ability and power". The words "Wu Shu" actually mean Martial Art. In America, we have taken the expression "Kung Fu" and have popularized it to the point where it has become the common name for the Chinese systems of Martial Arts. The name "Wu Shu" has been used for a more contemporary, performance oriented system of movements the practice of which is often sponsored by the Chinese government.

There are many systems of Kung Fu, the most popular of which have their origins in the Shaolin Temple. However, Kung Fu existed in China long before the first Temple was built.



Kung Fu is a form of exercise, an exchange of culture and a means of self defense. It is also known as Gung Fu, Wu Shu or Kuo Shu. It has similarities to the more recognized styles of Karate as Kung Fu uses hand as well as foot techniques, yet Kung Fu is one of, if not the oldest, Martial Art.


It is believed that TaMo retreated to meditate upon this problem. In a cave on Wu Ru peak behind the temple, he stayed in intense meditation for nine straight years. This meditation lead to the conception of Ch'an Buddhism and of the beginnings of Shaolin Kung Fu. His initial contribution consisted of two forms of qigong (breathing and energy development) and one fighting form: yijinjing (the muscle tendon change classic), xisuijing (the marrow washing) and Lohan shi bas hou (18 hand methods of the Lohan). Accordingly, Shaolin kungfu therefore encompasses both internal and external methods of development.

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The three outer harmonies state :

shoulder turns with the hip
elbow and knee act in unison
hand moves with the foot


In application, the practitioner strives to be aggressive and to develop an active and explosive offence. The direction of the movement forms is direct and linear. According to the principles of this style, attacking with clear intent serves as the best defence, and attack and defence occur simultaneously. Action and movement are tight and compact, limiting any openings for counterattack.
Training in all styles of Hsing Yi focuses on the repetitive practice of single movements that are later combined into more complicated, linked forms. A familiar adage of Hisng Yi is that "the hands do not leave the (area of the) heart, and the elbows do not leave the ribs." There are kicks in the style, but the kicks are low and direct. Great emphasis is placed upon the ability to generate power with the whole body and focus it into one pulse, which is released in a sudden burst.
Three primary styles of Xinyi Quan are practiced in different regions of China. The styles (or families) are the Shanxi, the Hebei, and the Henan. Each style of Xinyi Quan is distinctly different in essence and in appearance. The Shanxi and Hebei methods are based upon the five elements and the twelve animal styles, although the names of the animals sometimes vary a bit from family to family. The Henan style does not emphasize the five elements and only ten animals. One major branch of martial arts arising from Xingyi is Yi Quan and Dacheng Quan. Both styles were founded by Wang Xiangzhai in the 1930's. The training and emphasis of both Yi Quan and Dacheng Quan are different enough for them to be considered distinct, but related systems.


THE REALISTIC APPROACH
Martial arts practitioners have many and diverse goals in practicing this form of physical culture. It should be borne in mind that many people practice Wushu for the health benefits and are not overly concerned with either fighting ability or "machismo." There are many styles of Wushu and most do a good job of exercising the entire body while not being too demanding about the size of the workout area...gender and age are of little consequence. What a grand sport!

Contemporary Wushu emphasizes accurate, artistic movement. The more newly created sequences often combine aerials, tumbling, etc. with the traditional requirements to make the form more impressive or sophisticated. It is a quality of human nature to love beauty of movement, so the practice of these embellishments is understandable...as long as the core movements and the martial philosophy remain intact. The rapid spread of Wushu practice and the appreciation of its performance Taiji Uniform are good indicators of the general appeal this sport has to people.

Once again it is worth repeating that the martial roots of Wushu should not be forsaken in the rush to display physical ability, for therein lies the distinction between Wushu and dancing. Of the hundreds of styles Tai Chi Kung Fu and of Wushu, each has its specialties and interesting history. It is good for an individual to specialize in one style, but it is also important to continually improve by being attentive to the good points of other styles.

The easily accepted "closed door" thinking should be discarded in order to bring a healthy attitude which compliments our contemporary society. Fortunately for all of us, there are many martial artists who are currently sharing their knowledge and research of various styles. "Wu-de," or martial virtue, is the foremost quality of a martial artist. A famous Chinese proverb says, "A full can of water will not make noise, but a half can does." All truly good martial artists, from ancient times to now, have displayed good character and personality control as an example for us to emulate. Although there are thousands of practical training methods, there is no absolute method.

Methods usually imply strict formulas, but people are all different. Efficient use of martial formulas hinges on the understanding and judgment of the individual practitioner. The key Qigong Wushu point in learning is understanding "why," not "how." The successful practitioner can implement one technique in many variations if his understanding is good; an unsuccessful aspirer will learn one technique and therefore know only one. Realistically, a person who learns a sequence of sixty or so techniques will not be able to use them equally well in an actual situation, but his learning of timing, essence, and the underlying principles of a style make the study more than worthwhile.

In real life, many martial-arts masters were famous for using one simple technique to defeat opponents. The process of discovery in the form that you are learning is more important than the final answers at which you arrive, because there is no absolute answer. That is why there are so many varieties of martial arts! Strategy is another important consideration while learning the essences of a form. You must constantly evaluate the environment, your opponent, distance, etc.

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